Musical Emotions Explained - Unlocking the Secrets of Musical Affect
Can music really arouse emotions? If so, what emotions, and how? Why do
listeners respond with different emotions to the same piece of music?
Are emotions to music different from other emotions? Why do we respond
to fictional events in art as if they were real, even though we know
they're not? What is it that makes a performance of music emotionally
Based on ground-breaking research, Musical Emotions Explained explores how music expresses and arouses emotions, and how it becomes an object of aesthetic judgments. Within the book, Juslin demonstrates how psychological mechanisms from our ancient past engage with meanings in music at multiple levels of the brain to evoke a broad variety of affective states - from startle responses to profound aesthetic emotions. He also explores why these mechanisms respond to music.
Written by one of the leading researchers in the field, the book is richly illustrated with music examples from everyday life, and explains with clarity and rigour the manifold ways in which music may engage our emotions.
Musical Emotions Explained is a magnificent publication that has been painstakingly researched to illuminate the many, varied ways music can express and arouse emotions. It provides the most authoritative single authored text on the topic so far. As a highly readable and informative publication, it superbly unlocks the secrets of musical affect for experienced researchers through to lay readers alike.
Gary E. McPherson, Ormond Chair of Music and Director, Melbourne Conservatorium of Music, Australia
Anyone who wants to understand more about the most essential quality of music - its ability to move us - needs to read this book. Juslin's writing is gripping and thoughtful as he takes us on a journey through the latest research on this most interesting intersection between science and art.
Daniel J. Levitin, Author of This Is Your Brain on Music and The World in Six Songs.
Music Emotions Explained is a tour de force. In this extraordinary book, written with passion and humor, Patrik Juslin shares insights gleaned from decades of ground-breaking research. Breadth and depth are nicely balanced as grand, over-arching themes are richly supported by systematic and detailed research findings. This book will serve as an inviting introduction to students or interested laypersons but also as a touchstone to which professionals will return frequently for guidance and inspiration.
Donald A. Hodges, Professor Emeritus, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA
Patrik Juslin here deftly synthesizes several decades of psychological research, much of it his own, on how music both expresses emotion and moves us emotionally, in the course of developing an empirically grounded, evolutionarily based, philosophically informed theory of the phenomenon in question, doing so with style and wit. Musical Emotion Explained is wide ranging, engagingly written, full of arresting claims, and studded with telling anecdotes. It is a book that everyone who has ever marveled at the affective power of music should read.
Jerrold Levinson, Distinguished University Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Maryland, USA
Musical Emotions Explained is essential reading that sets the new gold standard resource for understanding the delicious pleasures of music experience. Using lucid, witty and compelling arguments, Patrik Juslin illustrates a set of core mechanisms that collectively account for music-evoked emotions. Scholars, general readers and musicians will be inspired by this landmark work, which will stimulate research for decades to come.
Bill Thompson, Distinguished Professor, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
It goes without saying that Patrik Juslin is one of the world's top experts on the science of musical emotion. What this book reveals is that he is a hugely persuasive and accessible interlocutor. It really feels as though one is in conversation with a friend who is thinking issues and arguments through with the reader, step by step. Of course all the important literature is covered, but this is far from a dry literature review. Juslin's book should excite and stimulate layreaders and professional colleagues alike to deepen their understanding of what makes music emotional.
John Sloboda, Research Professor, Guildhall School of Music & Drama, London, UK
The best comprehensive and critically explanatory tome to-date on one of the most fascinating and still poorly understood topics in music research, written by the foremost international expert on music and emotion. A treasure for decades to come.
Michael Thaut, Professor of Music, Neuroscience and Rehabilitation Science, University of Toronto, Canada
In Musical Emotions Explained, Patrik Juslin probes and proffers many psychological and philosophical concepts of musical emotions toward unpacking numerous mysteries surrounding the arousal and expression of musical affect. The results of his meticulous research have profound implications for experiencing, creating, valuing, and teaching music. Written with great care and passion, this brilliant book is a must-read for anyone who takes a serious interest in the nature and values of music in people's lives.
David Elliott, Professor of Music and Music Education, New York University, USA
Patrik Juslin has been at the forefront of research into music and emotion for more than 20 years. Adding to what is already an astonishing body of work, this hugely impressive monograph is the culmination of that remarkable programme of research. Witten in an accessible and engaging style, and covering a huge range of perspectives, this is a book that will undoubtedly become a classic in the psychology of music, an indispensable resource for researchers in the field, and a fascinating read for those who may be new to the topic.
Eric Clarke FBA, Heather Professor of Music, University of Oxford, UK
Table of ContentsPart I: Introduction
1: Setting the Stage: Overture in C Major
2: The Book's Composition: Aim and Structure
3: The Value of a Psychological Approach
4: Music, Experience, and Affect
Part II: Expression and Perception of Emotion
5: What Is Meant by Emotional Expression?
6: Empirical Studies: What Have We Learned?
7: Music as Expression: Objections and Obstacles
8: Breaking the Code: The Musical Features
9: How Are Music and Emotion Links Studied?
10: Viewing Music Through a Brunswikian Lens
11: The Voice of Angels? Iconic Expression
12: Further Layers: Intrinsic and Associative Expression
13: Deviation From the Exact: The Role of the Performer
Part III: Arousal of Emotion
14: Beyond Perception: When Music Moves Us
15: Does Music Arouse Emotions? How Do We Know?
16: The Prevalence of Emotional Reactions
17: How Does Music Arouse Emotions?
18: Jumping at Shadows: Brain Stem Reflex
19: Get Into the Groove: Rhythmic Entrainment
20: Mirroring the Expression: Contagion
21: Ring My Bell: Evaluative Conditioning
22: Blast From the Past: Episodic Memory
23: Seeing in the Mind's Eye: Visual Imagery
24: What Comes Next? Musical Expectancy
25: Predictions, Implications, Complications
Part IV: Aesthetic Judgment
26: Aesthetics: The Hard Problem?
27: Traditional Approaches to Aesthetics
28: What's Special? Adopting the Aesthetic Attitude
29: Aesthetic Criteria: Meet the Usual Suspects!
30: A Novel Approach Towards Aesthetic Judgment
31: Aesthetics and Affect in Broader Perspective
32: The Last Chorus: Putting It All Together
33: Coda: Final Outlook
Appendix: The Lens Model Equation